(No Model.) I 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
D. L. SHOEMAKER.
MAGHINETOR CLEANING AND SGOURING RICE AND OTHER GRAIN.
Patented Oct. '7, 1884.
fills 12207726 n. FEIERS, Fhnto'Lilhognpher. Wflshingion, o c.
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
D. L. SHOEMAKER.
MACHINE FOR CLEANING AND SCOURING RICE AND OTHER GRAIN.
No. 306,183. Patented Oct; 7, 1884.
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(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
, D. L. SHOEMAKER. MACHINE FOR CLEANING AND SGOURING RICE AND OTHER GRAIN.
No. 306,183. Patented Oct. 7, 1884.
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NITED' STATES PATENT OFFICE.
DAVID L. SHOEMAKER, OF W'ASIIINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, AS SIGNOR TO JOHN HUGHES, OF NEIV BERNE, NORTH CAROLINA, MARIE F. SYLVESTER, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, AND BENSON TALBOTT, OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND.
MACHINE FOR CLEANING AND SCOURING RICE AND OTHER GRAIN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 306,183, dated October '7, 1884.
Application filed October 8, 1883.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, DAvID L. SHOEMAKER, of the city of \Vashington, in the District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for Cleaning and Scouring Rice and other Grain and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, and to the figures and letters of reference marked thereon.
My present invention consists in certain novel im provenients upon the invention shown and described in Letters Patent of the United States, No. 255,343, granted to. me on the 21st of March, 1882, and will be hereinafter fully described and specifically claimed. In my aforesaid patented invention I employed a horizontal outer cylindrical screen in connec tion with a horizontal inner revolving cylinder armed with longitudinal brushes adapted to project in close proximity to the outer cylindrical screen, and I supplied means for forcing currents or blasts of air from the inner cylinder outward through the outer screen. The rice was passed through this machine between the cylinders thereof for the purpose of removing the outer skin or douce, and was then passed through another machine termed a polisher similar to the scouring-machine just described, except that in lieu of the outer screen an outer cylinder of fine wire, leather or raw-hide was employed. In the practical operation of the said patented invention it has been found that the action of the first machine so heats the rice as to render it necessary to spread it out and allow it to cool before passing it through the second machine, for if delivered immediately to the second machine without cooling it will, from its heated and consequently brittle condition, be broken to such an extent as to largely increase the amount of the unmerchantable article. It has also been found that in order to give the rice that beautiful pearly appearance that so enhances its market value, it is necessary with the old construction to pass it several times through the polisher,-this operation requiring additional time and labor, and tending also to (No model.)
increase the quantity of the broken rice. Noting these things, I have contrived to so improve the machines as to render each one a polisher as well as a scourer, and enabled the rice to be thoroughly cleaned and polished by a single passage through the machine.
, Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective view of one of the machines with the upper half or section of the outer cylinder thrown back. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the same; and Fig. 4 is a view showing two machines with con veying and cooling devices arranged betweenthem. I
Similar letters of reference in the several figures denote the same parts.
A represents the frame of the machine; 13, the outer cylinder or screen, and. C the inner cylinder or screen.
The outer screen, 13, is constructed, as in the former patented machine, of wire-cloth, and for convenience is divided longitudinally into two halves or sections, which are hinged together, as shown, so that the upper section 'I employ wire-cloth of finer mesh-that is to say, twelve tofourteen meshes to the square inch. A shaft, D, extends longitudinally through the outer screen, and is provided with radial arms (I, to which are secured brushstrips E, and to thescbrushstrips are attached the sections of wire-cloth which go to make up theinner cylinder, C. The wire-cloth composing the inner cylinder has. a mesh fine enough to prevent the broken rice passing through.
To the series of longitudinal brush-strips E are secured a series of brushes, 0, and to two opposite radial arms, (7, are secured two fan blades, (1, as shown. Openings are made in one or both end casings (preferably both) for a flap of leather, preferably such as is known to the trade as basil leather, and secure one edge of the leather flap to one of the adjoining brush-strips, leaving the other edge free. To operate a machine thus constructed, the feed end of the machine is elevated somewhat, and the shaft D, carrying the fan-blades, inner cylinder, and brushes, is put into rapid rotation in the direction indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2. The hulled riceto be cleaned is then fed in through a feed spout or hopper, F, at the upper end of the machine, and, passing down in between the inner and outer cylinders, partakes of the motion of the inner cylinder, and is carried round and round by the brushes and kept in contact with the outer screen by centrifugal force and by the outward r yielding pressure of the flaps of basil leather, thus scouring off the douce or skin and giving the grains a polish, the douee or skin being forced by the air-blast out through the meshes of the outer screen into the open air or into a trunk or chamber, from which it is conveyed away to a suitable place of deposit. Owing to the close proximity of the inner cylinder and outer screen to each other, there is no opportunity for the rice to be thrashed about and broken up, but it is gradually scoured and polished and discharged from a spout, G, at the lower end of the machine. If the rice as it comes from the machine is not sufficiently cleaned or polished, it may, after cooling sufficiently, be passed again through the same machine; but in order to avoid the delay requisite for cooling as commonly practiced, I have found it advantageous to employ a second machine of the same or similar construction with intermediate cooling and conveying mechanism of wellknown construction, whereby the rice may be automatically transported from the one to the other and cooled in transit. This may be ae- 5 complished by causing the rice as it is del livered from the first machine to pass into a chute, J, by which it is directed to an elevator, K, and carried up by the latter and del livered to a conveyer, L, operating within a i l closed trunk, M. From the delivery end of the eonveyer L it proceeds down a spout, N, to a second eonveyer, 0, operating within a second closed trunk, l, and from the latter it is discharged through an open-sided chamber, Q, into a hopper, It, and thence through a chute, S, to and through the second machine or polisher, S. A blast of air is forced by a suitable fan, T, through the conveyer-casing M, spout N, andsecond conveyer-casing, O, and operates to thoroughly cool the rice before i it is delivered to the second machine, S. l
In these scouring and polishing machines 1 quarter of an inch between their ends and the interior of the outer cylinder; fan-blades two in number on opposite sides of the shaft; and two or three basil-leather flaps with sheep-skin backing applied, as hereinbefore described. To obtain the best results from such machines,
I about five hundred revolutions a minute should be given the shaft, and the feed end should be elevated about fourteen inches. The proportions of the parts and the speed of the machines can of course be varied from these here given without departing from the spirit of my invention; but excellent, and perhaps the best, results are to be attained when the proportions given are substantially adhered to. The basillealher flaps, by reason of their soft yielding backing, press the rice with yielding pressure against the interior of the outer cylinders and impart to the rice a high polish withoutbreakingit. Anyothersuitable yielding backing may be substituted for the sheepskin, but I recommend its use.
From actual test I. have ascertained that a single operation of my improved machines upon a given quantity of rice will. result in the yield of a larger proportion of what is known as head or line rice than would result from the same quantity acted upon by the old patented machines, whi le the pearly colorgiven the rice by being passed through the machines once could not be produced by less than three successive polishings in a polisher of the old construction.
I claim as my invention In a machine for cleaning and scouring rice and other grain, the combination, substantially as described, of an outer cylindrical screen, an inner revolving cylinder armed with longitudinal brushes, which project in close proximity to the outer cylindrical screen, and also with one or more flexible flaps secured at one edge between the brushes and having ayielding backing, and means for forcing currents of air from the inner revolving cylinder out through the outer screen.
DAV ID L. SHOEB'IAKEP.
MELYILLE Cannon, FRED F. On'Unen.